As we all know, non-ferrous metals sector and foundry are very vital in the growth of various industries and the same is true for India too. Also, it is a fact that aluminium has emerged as the single most important metal due to its non-corrossive nature, weight to strength ratio and aesthetic look.
Automobile, construction, transport and engineering are the prominent user sectors worldwide and as far as India is concerned, automobile and construction are very important ones. Conventionally, most of the automobile parts and components were made of steel (rather special steels) but in last few years, the auto industry is going through a big transition. Huge importance is being attached to fuel efficiency, aerodynamic shape and aesthetic looks. Also, there is ever growing price pressure from the buyer. In line with this thought process, many steel components are being replaced by aluminium and off late by composites also. Further, in aerospace industry, the properties mentioned above become far more important and a lot of aluminum alloys are being consumed there. Now a day, even magnesium alloys are being employed for weight consideration.
In other sectors like construction, transport and engineering, a lot of new applications are being developed to suit the requirements and expectations of the consumer.
I do agree that in intial stages, society needs steel to build the infrastructure but it is seen that as the society gets developed, it consumes more and more of non-ferrous metals. While enhancing the purchasing power of the consumer is the function of overall economic growth, our industry should concentrate on developing new materials and applications for today and tomorrow. For this to happen, a very strong linkage has to be developed between the industry and academic / research institutes. In developed world we see that a lot of such institutes and projects are being funded by the industry. In fact, most of the research projects are guided by the industry needs and the expectations. Also, there is a definite timeline for every research project.
Such timebound and application directed research can surely help the non-ferrous metals industry to aquire more space into its user sectors and help them to meet the ever growing demands of the end customer !
If we look at the last few years, the consumption of non-ferrous metals has increased steadily. The logic is quite simple. In the begining, any society needs strong infrastructure which is obviously provided by none other than steel. But as the society progresses, its needs also enhance in terms of aesthetic looks, intricacy and diversified applications.
This is why now a days in construction industry, though steel provides the basic strong infrastructure, we see more use of aluminium for the above reasons. Automobile industry case is very interesting. There is tremendous pressure on this industry to reduce weight of the vehicle, increase fuel effeciency and also develop aerodynamic shapes. Many engine parts which were previously made of steel are now been made of aluminium. It is estimated that around 10 % parts by weight are getting converted to aluminium from steel every year. Similar is the case of vehicle bodies and other parts. Here the latest trend is to use composites in place of any metal being used previously. We all know that weight plays more important and critical role in aerospace and telecom industry. Now a days, along with pure metals, a lot of components are being developed out of aluminium and magnesium alloys which are able to reduce the overall weight of the equipment substantially.
While I see a very bright future for non-ferrous metals industry on a long-term basis, the industry is presently facing a rather tough situation. We all know that the metal demand in the developed world is almost stagnated and Asian region including China, India and the Middle East is serving as the growth engine for the global manufacturing sector. With China trying to reduce the overheating of their economy and the Middle East economy hit badly by the oil price crash of last year, India seems to be only promising economy today. Here also the demand is not growing as per expectation and the major metal user sectors like construction, automobile, transport, engineering are witnessing a slowdown. The Demonetisation has also played its part and the GDP growth estimations have come down from 7.6 % to 7.1 % on annual basis.
I do agree that these figures are way ahead than the growth estimates of other regional economies but the fact remains that there is still tremendous untapped potential in Indian economy and I only hope that it steadily comes out in 2017 and the years thereafter!
Global metals industry continues to remain under stress but it seems that the stress is gradually reducing.
For the last few years, most of us believed that the future of western world countries (or developed world countries) is not so bright as compared with countries in Asian region. It was argued that the economic curve for the developed countries has already been platued and there is not much possibility of further economic growth. The regions like EU, US also manifested similar situation with mostly stagnated or falling economies. But now it seems the situation is taking a turn. The US economy seems to be doing better for the last few months and today the industry sentiment is quite positive. Of course, nobody is very sure about what policies the new president Mr.Donald Trump will adopt but it is believed that he will be industry friendly. Similarly, EU is also showing signs of marginal recovery and the industry sentiment is bit positive than the last year. This in my opinion is a big change in that region. Industry analysts expect EU’s economy to improve marginally in 2017 and 2018.
In last few months, many countries have imposed anti dumping duties on cheap imports, especially from China. This has surely helped the domestic industry to consolidate its position. India’s position remains strong amongst this turbulant time. The economy seems to be on track. The auto industry has been performing better than the last year and most of the segments like passenger cars, utility vehicles, scooters have been showing impressive growth rates. This will surely give a boost to castings demand. Also, if the western world’s economy improves in coming years, exports may also increase. Further, many auto components, which were earlier made of steel, are now being made of other materials including aluminiun. This is expected to reduce the vehicle weight and improve fuel efficiency. With added emphasis on infrastructure, making of smart cities and projects like metros, non-ferrous metals will definitely see better days in coming years.
Yes, there is a temporary setback to the demand side due to demonetisation of currency notes but experts feel that this should get over by the year end and things will be more or less normal.
By the start of 21st century, it was clear that Asia would be the next growth engine of the world. By that time, the western countries had done tremendous progress in developing infrastructure in the form of roads, ports, airports, modern transport systems etc. For various reasons, Asian region was lagging behind on the above counts and this resulted in big infrastructure projects boom in the region. Naturally, this served as a big trigger for metals consumption and this industry was on the fast growth track. China was the leader in infrastructure growth as well as in metals.
All this was quite smooth and growing till western world meltdown in 2009. The developed countries got a big jolt and even Asian countries which were thickly associated with the developed countries, had to suffer. This was the time when China and India along with countries like Russia, Brazil (commonly termed as BRIC countries) were seen as the only growing economies and many western world companies started migrating to these countries. By this time, Middle East & North Africa (MENA) region was also seen as a fast growing one and with the huge investing ability, infrastructure projects boom started in this region too.
Gradually, China’s pace slowed down, Russia and Brazil got entrapped into their internal issues and India remained the only country which had the capacity to sustain a relatively decent growth rate (Presently around 7.5 %). Also, oil price crash had a big negative effect on the infra projects in MENA region, especially in Saudi Arabia. The region is facing an acute problem of liquidity and many projects are put on hold. The metal consumption growth was also arrested due to this.
We must understand that China and most of the economies in MENA region are investment oriented which means that the government is pumping money for the development projects. On the other hand, India’s economic growth is fueled by the domestic consumption. Many will agree that such economies are more stable, less prone to global tremors and thus more sustainable !
For last few years, the industry has been witnessing stagnated demand coupled with overcapacity on a global level. This situation has been described as ‘Recession’ by almost all the experts and analysts. Now the perception seems to have changed and the situation is being termed as ‘New normal’ !
In line with the global situation, Indian metals industry too has been not doing well for the last few years. There were acute problems about the availability of critical raw materials like ore and coal. I must say that with the positive initiative from the government, most of these problems are either overcome or under control. Further, with the introduction of MIP, cheap imports will be restricted and pricing may improve a bit. All these factors have positively impacted Indian metals industry which can now look forward to comparatively better days in coming months.
Even if all this is true, there is a major hurdle still to overcome. The demand curve is not going up and this is suppressing the production levels and thus impacting badly on the bottomline. We all know that metals demand lies outside the metals industry and depends on overall economic activity. Yes, this year’s good monsoon has definitely contributed to raise the industry sentiment but the real boost will come when the government funded mega infrastructure projects start moving ahead. Mind well, capacity utilization of our industry has fallen in last year or so and the biggest reason is suppressed demand. Another important issue in our country is cost of power and finance. Needless to say that these inputs are of immense value for the metals production and are very costly in India. That makes our metals products less competitive in global markets.
If we analyze the demand profile, it is seen that the metals demand is concentrated mainly around big cities and the rural areas still have a very poor consumption. If the government, along with main producers launches a campaign, come out with new applications of metals in different facets of rural life, popularize them, then the metals consumption can go upwards. This will help the industry as well as the rural economy.
Overall, I feel the industry sentiment is slowly turning positive and some improvement in demand will provide the required push for the industry.
Middle East Foundry Summit’ organized by ‘Metalworld’ in Dubai was unique in many ways. It was first of its kind foundry event in the Middle East region and was attended by many top industry executives from UAE, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Egypt, India, South Africa, United Kingdom, Germany etc. It surfaced and discussed many issues facing the foundry sector in that region.
Middle East is part of MENA region (Middle East & North Africa) and is one of the fast growing regions in the world. This was more true before 2008 global meltdown as this region suffered a big jolt at that time. Since 2010 or so, it started recovering steadily and the infra project count and the demand curve started climbing up. Everything seemed to be coming back on track till the region was banged down by oil price crash. Many infra projects were put on hold and numerous other projects from other industries were halted for want of liquidity. Now the oil prices seem to have stabilized a bit and industrial activity is gradually increasing.
As we all know, casting is a very basic engineering product and has applications in almost all industries. Middle East region is very much strategically located and can serve as a gateway to European markets. Further North African markets are also nearby. In India, the most important customer industry for foundry sector is automobile. So to say, the fortune of foundry sector largely depends on the performance of auto sector. This very important customer industry is lacking in the Middle East region. There is no major auto manufacturing or even assembling facility which would have supported a sustained growth of foundry sector in this region. Although, there are other few factors favouring a foundry unit in this region. First is ease of doing business. Once you complete the required paper work (which takes fewer days than most of the countries in the world), there is no outside interference to your business. Further, even if the labour is not cheap, their efficiency more than compensates this aspect.
Finally, with firming oil prices, gradual increase in economic activity, opening up of Iran, the future of foundry sector seems to be promising in the Middle East region !
Atlast, the rains have started in most of the parts in India and the monsoon is progressing as per the expectations. It’s a great relief not only to farmers but to the whole country as such.
Though agriculture contribution to the economy and GDP is not even 20%, livelihood of nearly 70% population depends on it. Thus, if the rains are good then naturally agro production increases and subsequently the purchasing power of majority of the population also increase. This gives a big boost to the economy wheel and indirectly supports the demand curve of many commodities including auto, appliances, equipments and also metals. Also, good monsoon means more demand for tractors and other agriculture equipment. Hope this monsoon helps the metals industry to regain its lost sentiment !
The metals industry not only in India but globally too is suffering since last few years. The demand stagnation in Eurozone is one of the major contributors to this slowdown. Last year there were some expectations that the EU demand curve will rise but nothing happened. Infact, now with the exit of Great Britain from EU, commonly referred as Brexit, the fluidity and uncertainty in the situation has increased. This move by UK has put a question mark on the fundamental concept of EU. It is said that there is a possibility of few other EU member countries going UK way. This, if happens, will further aggravate the situation and will be very bad for the regional as well as global economy.
Many countries in the Middle East region did get a big jolt during 2008 global meltdown but were climbing the recovery curve, slowly and steadily. The halted infra projects were slowly returning back on track. Metal industry too started forward planning to some extent. All these initiatives got a big setback with last year’s oil price crash. Slowly the system is getting reconciled to this new situation. Though all this is true, Middle East region still remains one of the most promising one especially for the metals industry. A lot of infra projects are sure to come up sooner or later which will consume huge quantity of metals in various forms including castings. The region can also act as a gateway to develop business with Europe. Rightly, many foundry entrepreneurs are considering setting up a foundry unit in this growing region.
Experts feel that if the oil prices stabilise at around 65 to 70 USD, the Middle East region’s economy will zoom in no time and it will benefit all the industries including the foundries in the region !!!